Criminal Offenses – The Different Types You Should Know
Even though crimes come in different forms, criminal acts in general can be categorized into four main divisions, namely statutory crime, personal crime, financial crime, property crime, and inchoate crime.
Such crimes were started but not completed. These are also acts that aid in committing another crime. An inchoate crime requires more than an individual just hoping or planning to commit the crime. The person should take substantial step for the completion of the crime in order to be considered guilty. Examples of inchoate crimes are abetting and aiding, conspiracy, and attempt. There are instances when inchoate crimes are punishable to similar degree as that of the principal crime while there are cases where there is a less severe punishment.
A personal crime results in mental and physical injury to another individual. Personal crimes have two primary categories, homicide forms and other kinds of violent crimes. If the physical harm to someone is too severe to the point that it causes death, a defendant could get charged with one of the different forms of homicide such as voluntary manslaughter, first degree murder, and vehicular homicide. On the other hand, violent crimes that are very severe as well include:
- Battery and assault
- Domestic abuse
- Child abuse
- Statutory rape and rape
These crimes usually involve the interference with someone else’s property. Although these may involve mental and physical harm to someone, property crimes mainly lead to deprivation of enjoyment or the use of property. Majority of property crimes come in the form of theft crimes such as shoplifting, automobile theft, burglary, larceny, and robbery.
Financial and Other Crimes
Financial crimes are those that usually involve fraud and deception in order to get financial gain. While white collar crime got its name inspired by corporate officers that perpetrated it in the past, everyone in all industries could commit white-collar crimes. These crimes can include different forms of money laundering, blackmail, fraud, embezzlement, cybercrime, as well as tax evasion.
The statutory crimes, aside from the crimes stated above, include crimes proscribed by the statute. The significant forms of these statutory crimes include traffic offenses, crimes related to alcohol, white collar or financial crimes, and drug crimes. In particular, the statue prohibits these crimes because the society wants people to deter from engaging in them. Crimes related to alcohol include various offenses regarding where and how alcohol could be consumed like:
- Open container violations
- Driving under the influence
- Public intoxication
- Minor in possession of alcohol
- Boating DUI
- Underage DUI
- Supplying and selling alcohol to minors
Drug crimes are about taking part in distribution or production of drugs such as drug manufacturing, drug trafficking, as well as drug possession.
Meanwhile, traffic offenses cover crimes that might take place while a person drives an automobile on the public roadways. Since driving under the influence involves using vehicle and alcohol, it is regarded as both a traffic offense and alcohol-related crime. Other traffic offenses include driving without license, driving on suspended license or revoked license, hit and run accidents, reckless driving, and vehicular assault.